The origin of the adaptive cycles’ model derives from the comparative study of ecosystem dynamics. It is meant to be a tool for analyzing the dynamics of natural or other systems.


The concept of resilience was originally introduced by Holling (1973) as a concept for understanding the ability of an ecosystem with alternative attractors to persist within a state when subjected to disturbances.


Systems can change their properties depending on external or internal controls, in linear or nonlinear ways, or by dynamics known as alternative states or sudden regime shifts.


Poverty and rigidity traps are configurations that control the evolution of adaptive cycles and SES dynamics.


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The South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies (SARAS) is an emerging transdisciplinary institute designed to generate critical insights allowing South America to build sustainable futures. It seeks integration across a broad range of knowledge using innovative approaches and integrating social and natural sciences, mathematics and arts.

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